By Hardeep Chawla
The author is a first-year law student at MNLU-N and is the co-founder of LAWOGS.
On the auspicious occasion of Guru Nanak Jayanti, the Centre announced its decision to repeal the three farm laws. From the beginning, the Farm Laws have been a contentious issue.
When the bill was passed, the protests started in Punjab but later on, when the Farmers realized that they were paid heed, they decided to move to Delhi.
There had been several attempts to demean the farmers by calling them terrorists, Khalistanis, and whatnot. And even the news channels were not far behind in doing that. T
his agitation saw the deaths of many farmers at the protest sites. But as said, “Der Aaye Durust Aaye” finally Farm Laws have been repealed and the PM has said that the constitutional process to repeal the laws will be started in the next Parliament Session.
What was the problem associated with the laws?
Constitutional issue-: Being one of the largest democracies in the world, India is a country with a federal structure. Powers are divided among the Union, State, and Concurrent lists, as mentioned in the 7th schedule of the Constitution of India.
Agriculture with all its subsidiaries, including education, livestock, irrigation, etc., falls under the ambit of the State List. And thus, the subject of the validity of these laws goes against the very spirit of the constitution.
Farmers issues-: According to farmers, the laws enacted by the Union will dismantle the MSP, and farmers will end up being at the mercy of big corporate companies.
They thought that because of the virtual disbanding of the mandi system, the farmers will not get the apt prices for their crops. Moreover, the arthiyas i.e., commission agents, will lose their business.
The road ahead-: The Samyukta Kisan Morcha has held a meeting to deliberate on the various issues that are still left unresolved. Balbir Singh Rajewal, the leader of the farmers, has announced that they will write a letter to the PM demanding the MSP, the repeal of the Electricity Bill, 2020, and compensation for the farmers who have lost their lives.
Key take away from the protest-: Farmers’ agitation was one of the greatest protests that India has ever seen after the Independence and has waxed and waned.
Sometimes, farmers were charged with lathis, water cannons, tear gases. There have been instances where the roads were blocked to stop the farmers from reaching the protest sites. We saw the demise of numerous farmers.
But in the end, the bills were repealed. From the farmer’s protest, we understand that with peaceful protests, citizens can force the government to pay heed to their demands and address their issues. Such protests keep the spirit of democracy high.